Cancer A Primer
by Dr. C.H. Weaver M.D. 2/2021
Getting informed can help alleviate these feelings. Remember, very few cancers require emergency treatment; you have time to learn about your diagnosis and treatment options, ask questions, and get a second opinion.
What is Cancer?
Cancer is not one disease, but many diseases that occur in different areas of the body. Each type of cancer is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of cells. Under normal conditions, cell reproduction is carefully controlled by the body. However, these controls can malfunction, resulting in abnormal cell growth and the development of a lump, mass, or tumor. Some cancers involving the blood and blood-forming organs do not form tumors but circulate through other tissues where they grow.
A tumor may be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Cells from cancerous tumors can spread throughout the body. This process, called metastasis, occurs when cancer cells break away from the original tumor and travel in the circulatory or lymphatic systems until they are lodged in a small capillary network in another area of the body. Common locations of metastasis are the bones, lungs, liver, and central nervous system.
The type of cancer refers to the organ or area of the body where the cancer first occurred. Cancer that has metastasized to other areas of the body is named for the part of the body where it originated. For example, if breast cancer has spread to the bones, it is called “metastatic breast cancer” not bone cancer.
Medicine has made—and continues to make—great strides in treating cancer and in making cancer treatment more tolerable, both physically and emotionally. No one would call cancer a normal experience, but by proactively managing aspects of your treatment, you can maintain a sense of normalcy in your life. Fighting cancer is not a challenge you face alone. It’s a team effort that involves family, friends, and your healthcare team. Don’t overlook the strength that can come from having your support network by your side.
Common Cancers Affecting Women
- Bladder Cancer
- Blood Cancers
- Brain Cancers
- Breast Cancer
- Cervical Cancer
- Lung Cancer
- Melanoma & Skin Cancer
- Non-Melanoma Skin Cancers
- Ovarian Cancer
- Pancreatic Cancer
- Prostate Cancer
- Thyroid Cancer
- Uterine Cancer
Cancer Topics for Women
- Managing a Rare Cancer
- Lymphedema-Understanding This Complication of Cancer Rx
- How Chemotherapy Affects the Skin
- Chemotherapy and Hair Loss
- Nutritional Needs during Cancer Treatment
- Fertility and Cancer Treatment and Survivorship
- Understanding the Role of Clinical Trials
- Survivorship-Moving Forward After Cancer Treatment
- Restoring Your Body After Cancer
- Walk Run or Ride – The Importance of Exercise After Cancer